The Structure of Ontogenies in a Model Protocell

Emergent individuals are often characterized with respect to their viability: their ability to maintain themselves and persist in variable environments. As such individuals interact with an environment, they undergo sequences of structural changes …

Exploring the Space of Viable Configurations in a Model of Metabolism–Boundary Co-construction

We introduce a spatial model of concentration dynamics that supports the emergence of spatiotemporal inhomogeneities that engage in metabolism–boundary co-construction. These configurations exhibit disintegration following some perturbations, and …


Emergent individuals as organizations.